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Great Artesian Basin  

This Subject Guide provides access to a wide range of resources that provide an introduction to the Great Artesian Basin: what it is, where it is, and some of the major issues surrounding it.
Last Updated: Jan 22, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Great Artesian Basin Print Page

Literature databases

  • Scopus
    Use Scopus to find peer-reviewed journal articles
  • Informit
    Use Informit to find Australian material

Sustainability and Management


Discussions (from 1995 or later) of management and sustainability issues and initiatives in the Great Artesian Basin.



Flow Data (Chronological order)

Taken over varying periods of time: measurements of bore depths, water temperatures and quality, and flow rates.


Monitoring the Basin


Habermehl, M.A. 1982, Investigations of the geology and hydrology of the Great Artesian Basin 1878 - 1980 [Microform], BMR Report 234, Australia: Bureau of Mineral Resources.
Covers all history to 1980 of activity in the GAB, including a summary of all conferences and reports.

Hillier, J.R. 1991, "Monitoring the performance of the Great Artesian Basin", In International Conference on Groundwater in Large Sedimentary Basins, 9-13 July 1990, Perth WA, Proceedings, Canberra ACT: AGPS. p226-235.
The first bore to tap the aquifers of the basin in Queensland was drilled in 1887, and the performance of this complex system has been monitored since. Early monitoring consisted mainly of measurements of flow and temperature from the flowing bores, though some pressure head readings were taken. This monitoring, though not ideal, has given an excellent record of the performance of the basin. Currently, monitoring is directed towards accurate measurement of the static head. The past monitoring of the basin is reviewed and the current testing procedure and analysis which allows calculation of the true static head outlined.

Underground and Stock Water Supply Branch. 1971, Artesian Bore Testing, Brisbane: Queensland Water Resources Commission.
Details the procedure for conducting bore tests, such as how to use the equipment, how to record the measurements, and how to interpret measurements.

Case studies

Demetriou, C. 1994, Modelling groundwater resources in the Great Artesian Basin, Lightning Ridge region, Adelaide: Department of Water Resources Technical Services Division.

Palmer, J.R. 1988, Report on reconditioning Euthella Trust Artesian Bore, Brisbane: Water Resources Commission.
Abstract: Report and accompanying photo album documenting the reconditioning/reconstruction of the Euthella Trust bore.

Sinclair Peter ... et al., 2000, Yelarbon - North Star - Croppa Creek: assessment of irrigation impacts, Parramatta, N.S.W.: Centre for Natural Resources, N.S.W. Dept. of Land and Water Conservation.

Water Resources Commission. Eulo town water supply bores pump test analyses : RN 359, RN 16733, Brisbane.
Useful for showing how existing test data can provide suitable basis for long term determinations; has a very detailed history of the Eulo town bore.

Groundwater studies

Zhang, M., et al., 2007, "Chlorine stable isotope studies of old groundwater, southwestern Great Artesian Basin, Australia", Applied Geochemistry, 22pp. 557-574.

Welsh, W.D. and J. Doherty, 2005, "Great Artesian Basin groundwater modelling", In Engineers Australia 29th Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium - Water Capital, 21–23 February 2005, Canberra
This paper describes the history of groundwater modelling in the Great Artesian Basin and the challenges the data pose to groundwater modellers.

Radke, B. M. 2000, Hydrochemistry and implied hydrodynamics of the Cadna-owie - Hooray Aquifer, Great Artesian Basin, Australia, Australia. Bureau of Rural Sciences
Develops conceptual models for groundwater evolution and variable flow rates within the aquifer.

Barclay, D. 2001, Great Artesian Basin bore audit, Indooroopilly: Department of Natural Resources and Mines.
Contains digitised structure contours for various geological units within the Great Artesian Basin, determines which bores use GAB water, and investigates the number of bores extracting from each aquifer.

Evans, Peter A. 1994, Report on groundwater extraction from Queensland sections of the Great Artesian Basin due to hydrocarbon extraction operations.

Mazor, E. 1995, "Stagnant aquifer concept Part 1. Large-scale artesian systems - Great Artesian Basin, Australia", Journal of Hydrology (Amst.), vol. 173, no. 1-4, p.219-240.

Pestov, I. 2000, "Thermal convection in the Great Artesian Basin, Australia", Water resources management, Vol.14, no.5, p391-403.

Thomas, N.M. 1960, Geothermal Studies Great Artesian Basin Queensland South Australia And New South Wales.

Woolley, D.R. 1982, "Depth-yield relationships of bores in fractured rocks in NSW", In Groundwater in Fractured Rock Conference, 31 Aug -3 Sept 1982, Canberra, Papers, Canberra: AGPS. p.283-292.


International Index maps of regions in the GAB, published by the Bureau of Mineral Resources (Canberra), that discuss groundwater and other natural local features of regions can be found in the Ecosciences Precinct Library - Serials - S GEO.


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